The king, hearing of the temper of the commons, reassuming immediately[207] his habit of the politician, “declares, by the advice and consent of the lords in manner following,” that it is lawful for both houses to commune apart by themselves “of the state of the realm and of the remedy necessary for the same.” So far the king has merely recognized the need for separate deliberations by the two houses; the phrase which implies the existence in the House of Commons of the power to initiate taxation is this: “Any grant by the commons granted, and by the lords assented to.”[258] Thus is admitted by implication the order in which a grant should be made by the two houses.

But when I had dismissed my fellow legates, and sent them back to Jerusalem, I took care to have arms provided, and the cities fortified.

Charles asked whither. He then immediately put himself in march; but he had not gone far when three fresh horsemen met and informed him, that the task which he was hastening to perform had already been accomplished. As soon as that Prelate knew that I was arrived, he sent his niece, who took me in her coach, and carried me to her house. And my valet can go in your carriage. The palace which surmounts this artificial eminence describes a sort of irregular rectangle, 174 feet long by 69 feet wide, and had, contrary to the custom in Egypt, the four angles orientated to the four cardinal points.

But did any one else in the same banquet speak against you, I could not endure to hear it with equanimity. It was felt that everything would suddenly break up and change, but up to the first of September nothing had done so. It was necessary to have an oath, and one was constructed which approved of the king’s trial, of the vote against the Scots and their English associates, and of the abolition of monarchy and the House of Lords.


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